Author(s): Sugiyama I, Sadzuka Y
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Abstract In our previous paper, mixed polyetheleneglycol (PEG) modification of liposomes by a mixture of 1-monomethoxypolyethyleneglycol-2,3-distearoylglycerol (PEG-DSG) with short polyoxyethylene chain and PEG-DSG with long one was shown to increase fixed aqueous layer thickness (FALT) around the liposomal membrane, and this was useful in vivo. In this study, we investigated the characterization of mixed PEG modification of liposomes with different anchors (PEG2000-DSG and PEG2000-cholesterol (CHO)). When the liposomes was modified by a mixture of PEG2000-DSG and PEG2000-CHO, FALT was increased compared to that of each single PEG-lipids modification and the most suitable mix modification (PEG2000-DSG:PEG2000-CHO = 3:1) showed a maximum FALT. This phenomenon was speculated to be based on the difference in the insertion state of the PEG anchor unit in the liposomal membrane. PEG-CHO-modified liposomes (single or mixed PEG-modified liposomes) were easily incorporated into the liposomal membranes compared with that of single PEG-DSG-modified liposomes. Namely, it was considered that the cholesterol anchor as a single chain was able to be easily introduced, compared with the DSG anchor as two chains, and induced some interaction with both PEG modification. In conclusion, it is expected that novel PEG-modified liposomes with PEG2000-DSG and PEG2000-CHO (3:1) had superior physicochemical properties.
This article was published in Biol Pharm Bull
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy