Author(s): Lee M
In this study, we identified AT-rich element located at positions -504 to -516 in the rat p53 promoter by DNase I foot printing assay. This region was previously identified as a positive regulatory element in the murine p53 promoter and designated as PBF1 (p53 binding factor 1) binding site. However, the proteins binding to this AT-rich element have not been identified yet. Therefore, we characterized the binding protein by various biochemical methods. First, we confirmed that by the oligonucleotide competition assay, nuclear factors bound to the AT-rich element in a sequence-specific manner. Two binding proteins were identified in southwestern blotting analysis and the molecular masses of the proteins were 60 and 40 kDa, respectively. The proteins were stable to denaturants or ionic strength. Treatment of chelators showed that the binding proteins did not require divalent cation for DNA-binding activity. In addition, the binding proteins were labile to protease treatment. This study showed that 60 and 40 kDa proteins bound to AT-rich element and the physico-chemical properties provided new insights into the binding proteins.