alexa Characterization of the effects of acute ethanol administration on the release of beta-endorphin peptides by the rat hypothalamus.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Gianoulakis C

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In the present studies the direct effect of ethanol on the release of beta-endorphin by the rat hypothalamus was investigated. When various concentrations of ethanol (10-120 mM) were added into the incubation medium, it was noticed that though low concentrations of ethanol (10, 20 and 30 mM) induced a pronounced increase in the release of beta-endorphin-like peptides from the hypothalamus, high concentrations of ethanol (40, 60 and 120 mM) induced a less pronounced increase. Exposure of hypothalamus to depolarizing concentrations of potassium chloride (following washing of the ethanol), provoked a significant release of beta-endorphin-like peptides, regardless of the ethanol concentration the tissues were exposed prior to the stimulation with the potassium chloride. Chromatographic analysis of the incubation media with Sephadex-G-75 revealed that the hypothalamus released mainly beta-endorphin-sized peptides. Analysis of the beta-endorphin-sized peptides with reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography indicated the presence of beta-endorphin-(1-31) as well as non-acetyl and acetyl beta-endorphin-(1-27). Thus ethanol exerts a biphasic effect on the release of beta-endorphin-like peptides by the rat hypothalamus, with low concentrations inducing a dose-dependent increase, reaching maximum at 20 mM ethanol, and with higher concentrations of ethanol inducing a less pronounced increase in the release of beta-endorphin-like peptides, leading to an inverted U-shaped dose response relationship of ethanol and release of beta-endorphin-like peptides from the rat hypothalamus.
This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords