alexa Characterization of the human cDNA and genomic DNA encoding CART: a cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Douglass J, Daoud S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PCR differential display screening has recently identified a rat mRNA termed CART (cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript) which is transcriptionally regulated in the striatum following acute administration of psychomotor stimulants. The endogenous CART transcript is expressed in diverse rat brain structures, as well as endocrine tissues. The deduced CART protein contains a hydrophobic signal sequence, suggesting that it may be targeted for secretion. Thus, the CART protein may represent a novel neuroendocrine signaling molecule. The study described here represents a complete analysis of the human CART cDNA and gene. The complete nucleotide (nt) sequence of the approx. 900-nt human CART transcript is contained within three distinct exons, with the entire human CART gene localized to a segment of genomic DNA approx. 2 kb in length. The human CART cDNA sequence is 80\% identical to the corresponding rat cDNA, with 92\% homology observed within the deduced protein-coding region. Third-nt changes account for most of the latter differences, with CART exhibiting 95\% identity between these two species at the amino-acid sequence level. PCR/Southern blot analysis of DNA isolated from human/rodent somatic cell hybrid panels localizes the CART gene to human chromosome 5. Lastly, Northern blot analysis reveals that the gross pattern of distribution of CART mRNA in human brain is similar to that previously observed in rat. These overall similarities suggest that CART plays a conserved role within the mammalian neuroendocrine system.
This article was published in Gene and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords