Author(s): Spiegelberg HL, BoltzNitulescu G, Plummer JM, Melewicz FM
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Abstract Subpopulations of human monocytes (15\%) and alveolar macrophages (AM phi, 8\%) and rat and mouse AM phi (89\%) and peritoneal M phi (57\%) bear Fc receptors for IgE (Fc epsilon R) as shown by IgE-specific rosette formation. Cells from M phi-like cell lines of human, rat, and mouse origins also express Fc epsilon R. Monomeric IgE binds to Fc epsilon R on M phi with an equilibrium association constant Ka congruent to 10(7) M-1. The Fc epsilon R on human monocytes and M phi are antigenically similar to Fc epsilon R on lymphocytes but differ from Fc epsilon R on basophilic granulocytes. The Fc epsilon R on human and mouse M phi promote phagocytosis and lysis of IgE-coated erythrocytes. Patients with active IgE-mediated allergic diseases have elevated percentages of Fc epsilon R(+) monocytes (56\%) that show allergic increased lytic activity against IgE-coated erythrocytes as compared to monocytes from normal humans. M phi from rats infested with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis parasites express more Fc epsilon R than normal M phi. The data indicate that Fc epsilon R expressed on M phi differ from those on mast cells and basophils, increase in number during IgE immune responses, and are likely to play an important role in the host's defense against parasites and in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases.
This article was published in Fed Proc
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy