Author(s): Lewis SD, Shields PP, Shafer JA
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Abstract The time dependence of the release of fibrinopeptides from fibrinogen was studied as a function of the concentration of fibrinogen, thrombin, and Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro, an inhibitor of fibrin polymerization. The release of fibrinopeptides during fibrin assembly was shown to be a highly ordered process. Rate constants for individual steps in the formation of fibrin were evaluated at pH 7.4, 37 degrees C, gamma/2 = 0.15. The initial event, thrombin-catalyzed proteolysis at Arg-A alpha 16 to release fibrinopeptide A (kcat/Km = 1.09 X 10(7) M-1s-1) was followed by association of the resulting fibrin I monomers. Association of fibrin I was found to be a reversible process with rate constants of 1 X 10(6) M-1s-1 and 0.064 s-1 for association and dissociation, respectively. Assuming random polymerization of fibrin I monomer, the equilibrium constant for fibrin I association (1.56 X 10(7) M-1) indicates that greater than 80\% of the fibrin I protofibrils should contain more than 10 monomeric units at 37 degrees C, pH 7.4, when the fibrin I concentration is 1.0 mg/ml. Association of fibrin I monomers was shown to result in a 6.5-fold increase in the susceptibility of Arg-B beta 14 to thrombin-mediated proteolysis. The 6.5-fold increase in the observed specificity constant from 6.5 X 10(5) M-1s-1 to 4.2 X 10(6) M-1s-1 upon association of fibrin I monomers and the rate constant for fibrin association indicates that most of the fibrinopeptide B is released after association of fibrin I monomers. The interaction between a pair of polymerization sites in fibrin I dimer was found to be weaker than the interaction of fibrin I with Gly-Pro-Arg-Pro and weaker than the interaction of fibrin I with fibrinogen.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy