Author(s): Liu H, GazaBulseco G, Sun J
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Abstract The susceptible degradation sites of therapeutic proteins are routinely assessed under accelerated conditions such as exposure to chemicals or incubation at elevated temperature or a combination of both. A fully human monoclonal IgG(1) antibody was characterized after incubation at 40 degrees C for 6 months by employing mass spectrometry and chromatography analyses. It was found that deamidation, fragmentation and N-terminal glutamate cyclization to form pyroglutamate are the major degradation pathways. Three major deamidation sites were identified and one site in a small tryptic peptide accounted for more than 80\% of the total. Peptide cleavage was observed at several positions between different pairs of amino acids. Most of the cleavage sites were located in the hinge or other flexible regions of the IgG molecule.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques