Author(s): Pradhan S, Singh S, Rai LC
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Abstract This study demonstrates highest biosorption of Fe followed by Ni and Cr by Microcystis in single, bi and trimetallic combination. Fe was not only preferentially adsorbed from the metal mixtures but Ni and Cr failed to decrease its biosorption. The agreement of the data of Fe biosorption with the Langmuir model suggested monolayer sorption and existence of constant sorption energy during the experimental conditions. In contrast to Fe biosorption, Ni and Cr sorption followed the Freundlich isotherm; this demonstrates a multilayer biosorption of the two metals. IR analysis of Microcystis cells confirmed the presence of a large number of -COO(-) and some amino groups in the Microcystis cell wall. The oxygen and nitrogen donor atoms from carboxyl and amino groups were found to play a vital role in metal biosorption by Microcystis cell walls, and ion exchange mechanisms were involved in the biosorption of test metals. Extra peaks present in Ni and Cr treated cells implied that amino groups are more responsible for Ni and Cr biosorption.
This article was published in Bioresour Technol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development