Author(s): Kretschmer A, Bock H, Wagner F
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Abstract Lipophilic compounds of the culture suspension containing Rhodococcus erythropolis DSM43215 had surfactant properties when the bacteria were cultivated with n-alkanes as the sole carbon source. Thirteen main components from a dichloromethane-methanol extract of the R. erythropolis cultures were isolated and characterized to specify quantitatively their surfactant properties, e.g., minimum surface and interfacial tensions and critical micelle concentrations. The interfacial activity of the organic extract was dominated by alpha,alpha-trehalose-6,6'-dicorynomycolates which reduced interfacial tension from 44 to 18 mN/m. Phosphatidylethanolamines which were also present in the organic extract reduced the interfacial tension below 1 mN/m. The trehalose corynomycolates had extremely low critical micelle concentrations in high-salinity solutions, and the interfacial properties were stabile in solutions with a wide range of pH and ionic strength.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation