alexa Chemical space sampling by different scoring functions and crystal structures.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Virology & Mycology

Author(s): Brooijmans N, Humblet C

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Abstract Virtual screening has become a popular tool to identify novel leads in the early phases of drug discovery. A variety of docking and scoring methods used in virtual screening have been the subject of active research in an effort to gauge limitations and articulate best practices. However, how to best utilize different scoring functions and various crystal structures, when available, is not yet well understood. In this work we use multiple crystal structures of PI3 K-gamma in both prospective and retrospective virtual screening experiments. Both Glide SP scoring and Prime MM-GBSA rescoring are utilized in the prospective and retrospective virtual screens, and consensus scoring is investigated in the retrospective virtual screening experiments. The results show that each of the different crystal structures that was used, samples a different chemical space, i.e. different chemotypes are prioritized by each structure. In addition, the different (re)scoring functions prioritize different chemotypes as well. Somewhat surprisingly, the Prime MM-GBSA scoring function generally gives lower enrichments than Glide SP. Finally we investigate the impact of different ligand preparation protocols on virtual screening enrichment factors. In summary, different crystal structures and different scoring functions are complementary to each other and allow for a wider variety of chemotypes to be considered for experimental follow-up. This article was published in J Comput Aided Mol Des and referenced in Virology & Mycology

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