alexa Chemical studies on tobacco smoke. XXXIII. N' -nitrosonornicotine in tobacco: analysis of possible contributing factors and biologic implications


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Stephen S Hecht, Raphael M Ornaf, Dietrich Hoffman

Abstract Share this page

A chemical analytic method to determine N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) and N' -nitrosoanabasine (NAB) in tobacco was developed. NNN was found in the unburned tobacco of commercial products at concentrations betweeen 0.3 and 88.6 mug/g. The highest levels were observed in highly fermented snuff (29.1 mug/g) and fine-cut chewing tobacco (88.6 mug/g). NAB was not detected (smaller than 0.5 ng/g) in any tobacco examined. Two new tobacco components, N' -carbomethoxynornicotine and N' -carbomethoxyanabasine,were found. Possible origins of NNN in tobacco were discussed, especially in relation to concentrations of nitrite, nitate, and alkaloids, and in relation to pH and curing. Biologic implications, including the possible function of NNN (the first organic carcinogen isolated from unburned tobacco) as a causative factor in cancer of the oral cavity in tobacco chewers and betel quid chewers, were also discussed.

This article was published in J Natl Cancer Inst and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version