alexa Chemical vapor deposition of carbon nanotubes: a review on growth mechanism and mass production.
Geology & Earth Science

Geology & Earth Science

Oil & Gas Research

Author(s): Kumar M, Ando Y

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Abstract This review article deals with the growth mechanism and mass production of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Different aspects of CNT synthesis and growth mechanism are reviewed in the light of latest progresses and understandings in the field. Materials aspects such as the roles of hydrocarbon, catalyst and catalyst support are discussed. Many new catalysts and new carbon sources are described. Growth-control aspects such as the effects of temperature, vapor pressure and catalyst concentration on CNT diameter distribution and single- or multi-wall formation are explained. Latest reports of metal-catalyst-free CNT growth are considered. The mass-production aspect is discussed from the perspective of a sustainable CNT technology. Existing problems and challenges of the process are addressed with future directions.
This article was published in J Nanosci Nanotechnol and referenced in Oil & Gas Research

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