Author(s): Zaveri M, KhandharA, Patel S, Patel A
Earthen hemisphere is gifted with varieties of large number of medicinal herbs. Herbs are natural remedies for the disease with higher safety profile and efficacy. The country like India has got variety of climatic conditions and seasons favorable for growth of many species of plants. Amongst the large number of herbal drugs existing in India, very few have been studied systematically so far. The list of drugs is very meticulous and diversified hence extensive efforts are required for their correct recognition. Piper longum is a highly valuable drug and is one of the essential ingredients in the most of the compound preparations included in Ayurvedic literature. Further, the use of the plant as a bioavailability enhancer has immensely increased its importance in the field of Ayurveda. Hence, an attempt has been made to address the chemistry and pharmacology of the plant P. longum. Commonly the plant P. longum is known as long pepper, species of the genus Piper belonging to family piperaceae of the unique order piperales of the verticillate of dicotyledones.