Author(s): Azmandian J, Mandegary A, Saber A, Torshabi M, Etminan A,
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chemokines and chemokine receptors have a pivotal role in immunity and inflammation. We aimed to evaluate their role in kidney transplant rejection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The association of chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 2 (CCR2)-V64I and CCR5-Delta32 gene polymorphisms with acute rejection (AR) and delayed graft function (DGF) were examined in 100 donor-recipient pairs. The CCR2-V64I and CCR5-Delta32 alleles were determined using polymerase chain reaction and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism, respectively. RESULTS: No associations were found between donors or recipients' CCR2-V64I and CCR5-Delta32 gene polymorphisms and AR or DGF. Of the characteristics of the donors, recipients, and transplantation, glomerulonephritis as a cause of kidney failure in the recipients was weakly associated with AR (relative risk, 6.1; 95\% confidence interval, 0.8 to 46.0; P = .07). Transplantation of kidney from females to males was weakly associated with DGF (relative risk, 5.5; 95\% confidence interval, 0.9 to 33.0; P = .06). There was a significant association between AR, but not DGF, and graft loss in the patients (relative risk, 28.6; 95\% confidence interval, 1.7 to 487.0; P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: Our study failed to suggest CCR2-V64I or CCR5-Delta32 gene polymorphisms as risk factors for AR and DGF in kidney transplantation. Sex-matching between donors and recipients should be considered for living donor kidney transplantation.
This article was published in Iran J Kidney Dis
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access