alexa Chemokines as pain mediators and modulators.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): White FA, Wilson NM, White FA, Wilson NM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chemokines are central to the innate immune response following tissue damage, injury and some diseases. The function of chemokines in nervous system autoimmune diseases has been long recognized. There is also growing evidence that disease-associated or injury-induced functional expression of chemokines/receptors in both neural and nonneural elements of the peripheral nervous system play crucial roles in the pathophysiology of chronic pain. RECENT FINDINGS: Chemokine involvement in neuropathic pain processing has recently been established in animal models. Evidence of chemokine contribution to chronic pain includes the upregulation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) and its respective receptor, CCR2, in many subpopulations of sensory neurons. Activation of CCR2 by MCP-1 elicits membrane depolarization, triggers action potentials and sensitizes nociceptors via transactivation of transient receptor potential channels TRPA1 and TRPV1. Increased signaling by stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) and its receptor, CXCR4, has been shown to contribute to chronic pain behavior. The use of specific chemokine receptor antagonists for CCR2 and CXCR4 successfully reverses nociceptive pain behavior. SUMMARY: Our results suggest that specific chemokines/receptors are upregulated by sensory neurons following peripheral nerve injury and appear to participate in neural signal processing leading to chronic pain states. Taken together, chemokines and their receptors are potential targets for development of novel therapeutics.
This article was published in Curr Opin Anaesthesiol and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    November 13-14, 2017 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords