alexa Chemokines induced by infection of mononuclear phagocytes with mycobacteria and present in lung alveoli during active pulmonary tuberculosis.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Sadek MI, Sada E, Toossi Z, Schwander SK, Rich EA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The capacity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) to induce production of chemokines with known chemotactic activity for monocytes and lymphocytes, the cellular building blocks of granulomas, was investigated. These chemokines included regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha). MTB stimulated production of MCP-1 and MIP-1alpha by blood monocytes (MN) and alveolar macrophages (AM). MTB infection of MN and AM stimulated release but not production of RANTES. AM produced or released significantly higher levels than MN of RANTES (by 2.1-fold), MCP-1 (by 6.9-fold), and MIP-1alpha (by 5. 5-fold) (P < 0.05 for each). This study also confirmed that MTB-infected AM produce the chemokine interleukin (IL)-8. MTB infection of AM resulted in increased steady-state expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) for MCP-1 and MIP-1alpha and minimal increased expression of RANTES mRNA. Both an avirulent (H37Ra) and a virulent (H37Rv) strain of MTB and purified protein derivative of H37Rv but not latex beads induced production of chemokines. Supernatants of MTB-infected cells demonstrated chemotactic activity for both monocytes and lymphocytes partially inhibitable by neutralizing antibodies against the chemokines studied. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis as compared with healthy control subjects contained increased levels of RANTES (by 8-fold), MCP-1 (by 2.7-fold), and IL-8 (by 8.9-fold) (P < 0.05), but not MIP-1alpha, as compared with healthy control subjects. Thus, multiple chemokines may be involved in recruitment of cells for granuloma formation in tuberculosis. This article was published in Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords