Author(s): Vetter ML, Rodgers MA, Patricelli MP, Yang PL
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Abstract Many cellular factors are regulated via mechanisms affecting protein conformation, localization, and function that may be undetected by most commonly used RNA- and protein-based profiling methods that monitor steady-state gene expression. Mass-spectrometry-based chemoproteomic profiling provides alternatives for interrogating changes in the functional properties of proteins that occur in response to biological stimuli, such as viral infection. Taking dengue virus 2 (DV2) infection as a model system, we utilized reactive ATP- and ADP-acyl phosphates as chemical proteomic probes to detect changes in host kinase function that occur within the first hour of infection. The DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) was discovered as a host enzyme with significantly elevated probe labeling within 60 min of DV2 infection. Increased probe labeling was associated with increased DNA-PK activity in nuclear lysates and localization of DNA-PK in nucleoli. These effects on DNA-PK were found to require a postfusion step of DV2 entry and were recapitulated by transfection of cells with RNA corresponding to stem loop B of the DV2 5' untranslated region. Upon investigation of the potential downstream consequences of these phenomena, we detected a modest but significant reduction in the interferon response induced by DV2 in cells partially depleted of the Ku80 subunit of DNA-PK. These findings identify changes in DNA-PK localization and activity as very early markers of DV2 infection. More broadly, these results highlight the utility of chemoproteomic profiling as a tool to detect changes in protein function associated with different cell states and that may occur on very short time scales.
This article was published in ACS Chem Biol
and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense