Author(s): Baubin M, Rabl W, Pfeiffer KP, Benzer A, Gilly H
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Abstract In a prospective study of 38 cadavers of patients older than 18 without previous chest injury or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), active compression-decompression (ACD) resuscitation manoeuvres were performed to determine possible factors influencing sternal and/or rib fractures. ACD was performed for 60 s, with compression and decompression forces being continuously recorded. A stepwise logistic regression analysis was applied. Factors analyzed were age, gender, use of a compression cushion beneath the piston of the ACD device (Ambu CardioPump), and maximal compression and decompression forces. After ACD, the cadavers were autopsied and thoracic injuries were assessed. There was a significant correlation between sternal fractures and gender (P = 0.008), and between rib fractures and age (P = 0.008). Women were found to have a higher risk for sternal fractures, whereas older patients had a higher risk for rib fractures. Maximal compression force was another factor in sternal and/or rib fracture (P = 0.048). Even though a significantly higher incidence of sternal fractures was observed when the compression cushion was used (P = 0.045), inclusion of this variable in the regression analysis only marginally improved the prediction for correct classification of sternal fractures. In conclusion, when well controlled ACD-CPR is performed in cadavers, age is the most important factor determining the incidence of rib fracture. Sternal fractures were more common in female cadavers.
This article was published in Resuscitation
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research