alexa Chikungunya virus infection of corneal grafts.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Couderc T, Gangneux N, Chrtien F, Caro V, Le Luong T,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arbovirus with a high potential to spread globally. We investigated whether CHIKV is transmittable via corneal grafts. METHODS: Serum specimens from 69 potential corneal donors living in La Réunion during the 2005–2006 outbreak of CHIKV infection were screened for anti-CHIKV antibodies. Serum specimens and corneoscleral rims were subjected to quantitative reverse-transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) for detection of CHIKV. CHIKV isolation and immunolabeling were performed on eye tissue specimens. Viral transmission via the ocular route was assessed in an animal model of human CHIKV infection. RESULTS: Twelve apparently uninfected donors were viremic and/or positive for immunoglobulin M (IgM) and/or immunoglobulin G. Eye tissue specimens from 12 donors who were or were not viremic and were or were not seropositive were investigated. qRT-PCR detected CHIKV RNA in corneoscleral rims from 4 patients: 1 patient was viremic, 2 were viremic and IgM positive, and 1 was IgM positive. Infectious CHIKV was isolated from all qRT-PCR–positive samples, and antigens were detected in corneal and scleral specimens, the iris, the ciliary body, and oculomotor muscles. CONCLUSIONS: One-third of eligible corneas (4 of 12) from donors apparently uninfected with CHIKV were infected with CHIKV during the study period. CHIKV infects the human cornea and can be transmitted via the ocular route. In the absence of systematic CHIKV screening in donors, cornea donation should be banned in areas where CHIKV circulates. This article was published in J Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Global Experts meeting on Oncology Case Reports
    Aug 29-31, 2017 London, UK
  • Global Experts Meeting on Case Reports
    Osaka, Japan October 09-11, 2017
  • 6th Global Experts Meeting on Medical Case Reports
    October 16-18, 2017 San Francisco, California, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords