alexa Childhood thyroid cancer in England and Wales.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Harach HR, Williams ED, Harach HR, Williams ED

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A total of 154 cases of thyroid cancer in children under 15 were registered in England and Wales over a period of 30 years, an incidence of about 0.5 per million per year. A total of 4.5 cases per year were registered in 1963-72, 4.9 in 1973-82 and 5.8 in 1983-92. A rapid rise in incidence with age occurred after the age of 5. Malignancy was confirmed in 92\% of the cases in which tissue was available. Of these, 68\% were papillary carcinomas, 11\% follicular carcinomas and 17\% medullary carcinomas. There were two spindle cell tumours with mucous cysts and one teratoma. The increased frequency but small size of medullary carcinomas in the second half of the period suggested that this increase was due to the introduction of screening; it accounted for most of the rise in crude incidence rats with time. The sex ratio (F:M) in all registered cases in the differentiated follicular cell carcinoma groups in children aged under 10 was 1.2:1, and 3.6:1 in the older children. Five children with differentiated thyroid cancer of follicular cell origin died up to 17 years after diagnosis. Two of the eight children aged 9 or less with a 20 year follow-up died, compared with three of 28 older children. An unusual group of differentiated carcinomas showed solid or follicular architecture. These tumours were unencapsulated, often widely invasive, contained psammoma bodies but little or no papillary architecture and the nuclei often lacked prominent grooving. This childhood type of papillary carcinoma contrasted with the classical type commonly found in the adult, which was present in one of 13 confirmed papillary carcinomas in children aged less than 10, compared with 20 of 35 older children. These observations show that thyroid carcinoma in very young children has a different spectrum of histological types from both older children and adults. From the age of about 10 well-differentiated papillary carcinomas rapidly increase in frequency in females, so that the other types come to form only a small proportion of the total. These differences, and the lower incidence but poorer prognosis of thyroid carcinoma in men and the poorer prognosis in post- as compared with premenopausal women, are compatible with a major role for sex hormones in thyroid carcinogenesis in females during the reproductive period. This study documents the incidence of childhood thyroid cancer in England and Wales, explains the rise in crude incidence rates, shows differences between carcinomas in children under and over the age of ten which may correlate with puberty, and draws attention to an unusual aggressive type of childhood papillary carcinoma. It illustrates the value to crude registry data of a pathology review.
This article was published in Br J Cancer and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords