Author(s): Coppi G, Iannuccelli V, Leo E, Bernabei MT, Cameroni R
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Abstract The oral administration of peptidic drugs requires their protection from degradation in the gastric environment and the improvement of their absorption in the intestinal tract. For these requirements, a microsystem based on cross-linked alginate as the carrier of bovine serum albumin (BSA), used as a model protein, was proposed. A spray-drying technique was applied to BSA/sodium alginate solutions to obtain spherical particles having a mean diameter less than 10 microm. The microparticles were hardened using first a solution of calcium chloride and then a solution of chitosan (CS) to obtain stable microsystems. The cross-linking process was carried out at different CS concentrations and pH values of the cross-linking medium. The CS concentration affected the BSA loading in the microparticles prepared at a pH value less than the protein isoelectric point (pI). Moreover, the BSA loading at a pH value less than the pI was higher than that at a pH similar to the pI regardless of the CS concentration. This finding could be attributable to the formation of a BSA/alginate complex. The evaluation of the interaction between BSA and alginate at different pH values by means rheological measurements confirmed this hypothesis. This approach may represent a promising way to devise a microcarrier system with appropriate size for targeting the Peyer's patches, with appropriate immobilization capacity, and suitable for the oral administration of peptidic drugs.
This article was published in Drug Dev Ind Pharm
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