alexa Chlorhexidine compared with povidone-iodine solution for vascular catheter-site care: a meta-analysis


Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

Author(s): Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, David L Veenstra, Benjamin A Lipsky, Sanjay Saint

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PURPOSE: Bloodstream infections related to use of catheters, particularly central-line catheters, are an important cause of patient morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. This study evaluated the efficacy of skin disinfection with chlorhexidine gluconate compared with povidone-iodine solution in preventing catheter-related bloodstream infection. DATA SOURCES: Multiple computerized databases (1966 to 2001), reference lists of identified articles, and queries of principal investigators and antiseptic manufacturers. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized, controlled trials comparing chlorhexidine gluconate with povidone-iodine solutions for catheter-site care. DATA EXTRACTION: Using a standardized form, two reviewers abstracted data on study design, patient population, intervention, and incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infection from all included studies. DATA SYNTHESIS: Eight studies involving a total of 4143 catheters met the inclusion criteria. All studies were conducted in a hospital setting, and various catheter types were used. The summary risk ratio for catheter-related bloodstream infection was 0.49 (95% CI, 0.28 to 0.88) in patients whose catheter sites were disinfected with chlorhexidine gluconate instead of povidone-iodine. Among patients with a central vascular catheter, chlorhexidine gluconate reduced the risk for catheter-related bloodstream infection by 49% (risk ratio, 0.51 [CI, 0.27 to 0.97]). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that incidence of bloodstream infections is significantly reduced in patients with central vascular lines who receive chlorhexidine gluconate versus povidone-iodine for insertion-site skin disinfection. Use of chlorhexidine gluconate is a simple and effective means of reducing vascular catheter-related infections.

This article was published in Ann Intern Med and referenced in Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

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