Author(s): Cassidy MB, Lee H, Trevors JT, Zablotowicz RB
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Abstract Sphingomonas sp UG30 is a pentachlorophenol (PCP)-degrading bacterial strain capable of degrading several nitrophenolic compounds, including p-nitrophenol (PNP), 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP), p-nitrocatechol and 4,6-dinitro-o-cresol (DNOC). The ability to degrade both chlorophenolic and nitrophenolic compounds is probably not restricted to UG30, but may also be possessed by other pentachlorophenol-degrading Sphingomonas spp. The interesting question arises as to whether there is any point of convergence between the initial pathways of PCP and nitrophenol degradation in these microorganisms. There is some experimental evidence that PCP-4-monooxygenase is involved in metabolism of both p-nitrophenol and 2,4-dinitrophenol. Further studies are needed to confirm this and to examine the role(s) of other PCP-degrading enzymes in nitrophenol metabolism by this microorganism. In this paper, we review some of the taxonomic, biochemical, physiological and ecological properties of Sphingomonas sp UG30 with respect to biodegradation of PCP and nitrophenolic compounds.
This article was published in J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Industrial Engineering & Management