alexa Chloroquine induces human mononuclear phagocytes to inhibit and kill Cryptococcus neoformans by a mechanism independent of iron deprivation.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmacovigilance

Author(s): Levitz SM, Harrison TS, Tabuni A, Liu X

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Infections due to Cryptococcus neoformans are common in AIDS patients. We investigated the effect of chloroquine, which raises the pH of phagolysosomes, on the anticryptococcal activity of mononuclear phagocytes. C. neoformans multiplied within monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) in the absence of chloroquine but were killed with the addition of chloroquine. Ammonium chloride was also beneficial, suggesting that effects were mediated by alkalinizing the phagolysosome. Chloroquine inhibits growth of other intracellular pathogens by limiting iron availability. However, chloroquine-induced augmentation of MDM anticryptococcal activity was unaffected by iron nitriloacetate, demonstrating that chloroquine worked by a mechanism independent of iron deprivation. There was an inverse correlation between growth of C. neoformans in cell-free media and pH, suggesting that some of the effect of chloroquine on the anticryptococcal activity of MDM could be explained by relatively poor growth at higher pH. Chloroquine enhanced MDM anticryptococcal activity against all tested cryptococcal strains except for one large-capsule strain which was not phagocytosed. Positive effects of chloroquine were also seen in monocytes from both HIV-infected and -uninfected donors. Finally, chloroquine was therapeutic in experimental cryptococcosis in outbred and severe combined immunodeficient mice. Thus, chloroquine enhances the activity of mononuclear phagocytes against C. neoformans by iron-independent, pH-dependent mechanisms and is therapeutic in murine models of cryptococcosis. Chloroquine might have clinical utility for the prophylaxis and treatment of human cryptococcosis.
This article was published in J Clin Invest and referenced in Journal of Pharmacovigilance

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords