alexa Cholesterol reduction by glucomannan and chitosan is mediated by changes in cholesterol absorption and bile acid and fat excretion in rats.
Food & Nutrition

Food & Nutrition

Journal of Probiotics & Health

Author(s): Gallaher CM, Munion J, Hesslink R Jr, Wise J, Gallaher DD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Glucomannan, a viscous polysaccharide, and chitosan, a derivative of chitin, have both been demonstrated to lower cholesterol in animals. However, the mechanism of cholesterol lowering has not been established for either material. This study was conducted to determine the effect of glucomannan (G), chitosan (CH), or an equal mixture of the two (G + CH) on cholesterol absorption and fat and bile acid excretion. Rats were fed a modified AIN-93G diet for 18 d containing 0.125 g/100 g cholesterol and initially 10 g/100 g of the test materials or cellulose (C) as the control. However, the concentration of test materials and cellulose was reduced to 7.5 g/100 g after 1 wk due to lower weight gain compared with controls. Total liver cholesterol was significantly reduced in G, CH and G + CH groups compared with the C group. The intestinal contents supernatant viscosity of the C and the CH groups was negligible, whereas both G and G + CH produced high viscosities. Cholesterol absorption, measured by the fecal isotope ratio method, was significantly reduced from 37.5\% in the C group to 20.2\% in G, 18.2\% in G + CH and 9.4\% in CH. Daily fecal fat excretion did not differ between the C and G groups, but was significantly greater in G + CH and CH compared with the C and G groups. Daily fecal bile acid excretion was significantly greater in the CH and G + CH groups compared with the C and G groups. These results suggest that G lowered liver cholesterol by a viscosity-mediated interference of cholesterol absorption. In contrast, CH appears to lower cholesterol through a different mechanism.
This article was published in J Nutr and referenced in Journal of Probiotics & Health

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords