Author(s): RodrguezGonzlez A, Ramirez de Molina A, Fernndez F, Lacal JC
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Abstract Choline kinase (ChoK, E.C. 188.8.131.52) is involved in the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine (PC), and has been found to be increased in human tumors and tumor-derived cell lines. Furthermore, ChoK inhibitors have been reported to show a potent and selective antitumoral activity both in vitro and in vivo. Here, we provide the basis for a rational understanding of the antitumoral activity of ChoK inhibitors. In normal cells, blockage of de novo phosphorylcholine (PCho) synthesis by inhibition of ChoK promotes the dephosphorylation of pRb, resulting in a reversible cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase. In contrast, ChoK inhibition in tumor cells renders cells unable to arrest in G0/G1 as manifested by a lack of pRb dephosphorylation. Furthermore, tumor cells specifically suffer a drastic wobble in the metabolism of main membrane lipids PC and sphingomyelin (SM). This lipid disruption results in the enlargement of the intracellular levels of ceramides. As a consequence, normal cells remain unaffected, but tumor cells are promoted to apoptosis. Thus, we provide in this study the rationale for the potential clinical use of ChoK inhibitors.
This article was published in Oncogene
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics