Author(s): Clerici C, Harf A, Gaultier C, Roudot F
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The magnitude of parasympathetic reflex-mediated bronchoconstriction during histamine infusion was compared in anesthetized paralyzed newborn and adult guinea pigs. The animals were ventilated using a constant-flow ventilator, and the conductance and compliance of the respiratory system were continuously monitored. We found that reactivity to histamine infusion was less in newborns than in adults, because newborns required a larger dose of histamine than adults (300 vs. 125 ng.kg-1.s-1) to produce an equivalent decrease in conductance (42 +/- 13 vs. 42 +/- 15\%). Vagal interruption by bilateral cervical vagotomy or muscarinic blockade with atropine (3 mg/kg) significantly reduced the bronchoconstrictor response to histamine in adults. By contrast, neither vagotomy nor atropine significantly changed this response in the newborns. These results indicate the lack of a vagal component in the bronchoconstriction that histamine induced in the newborns. Their relative unresponsiveness to histamine might partly be related to the fact that, in the newborn, histamine mainly acts directly via its airway receptors.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy