alexa Chondrocyte apoptosis increases with age in the articular cartilage of adult animals.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Adams CS, Horton WE Jr

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Apoptosis in vivo has been identified in developing cartilage from embryonic chick sterna and avian and murine growth plates. To date, no evidence exists that chondrocytes in articular cartilage undergo apoptosis. METHODS: We examined the distribution of cells demonstrating fragmented DNA in the articular knee cartilage of C57BL/6 mice (aged 11, 18, 24, and 30 months) and Wistar rats (aged 6, 12, and 24 months) using a DNA end-labeling technique. RESULTS: Control experiments utilizing retinoic acid-induced apoptosis in a chondrocyte cell line, established that DNA end-labeling correlated with DNA ladder formation. In vivo, apoptotic cells were detected in articular cartilage tissue in both species examined. The percentage of apoptotic cells increased significantly (P < 0.05 with age) for all joint surfaces in both species. No significant difference was found between the medial and lateral or femoral and tibial joint surfaces of the knee. Apoptotic cells were observed in both the calcified and uncalcified regions of the articular cartilage of C57 mice. In the rat, only the calcified region of articular cartilage contained apoptotic cells. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that apoptosis plays a role in some aspect of maintenance, remodeling, or turnover of mature articular cartilage. In addition, the increase in apoptosis associated with aging could contribute to the greater risk for cartilage degeneration.
This article was published in Anat Rec and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version