alexa Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan with neurite-inhibiting activity is up-regulated following peripheral nerve injury.
Neurology

Neurology

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Zuo J, Hernandez YJ, Muir D

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Numerous findings support the possibility that highly sulfated proteoglycans are inhibitory molecules which, at high concentration relative to growth-promoting signals, may regulate or guide axonal growth. Although most studies implicate sulfated proteoglycans in the poor regenerative capacity of the central nervous system, inhibitory proteoglycans also may play an important role in the successful regeneration of axons within peripheral nerve. Cultured rat schwannoma and Schwann cells produce chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG) which binds to and inhibits the neurite-promoting activity of laminin [Muir et al. (1989) J. Cell Biol. 109:2353]. In the present study, we found a similar neurite-inhibiting activity associated with CSPG isolated from normal adult rat sciatic nerve. Following nerve crush injury, this inhibitory activity was increased sevenfold in regenerating nerve distal to the injury. This increase was largely attenuated by in vivo administration of the proteoglycan synthesis inhibitor beta-D-xyloside. In normal adult nerve, immunolabeling for CSPG core protein was concentrated in slender bands surrounding axon-Schwann cell units and within nodes of Ranvier. Following nerve crush injury, immunolabeling of CSPG and laminin became more intense in distal nerve and CSPG increased within endoneurium and surrounding nerve sheaths. Embryonic dorsal root ganglionic neurons cultured on longitudinal nerve sections extended neurites along the exposed surfaces of Schwann cell basal lamina. The length of neurites was increased 58\% on normal nerve sections pretreated with chondroitinase. Even though laminin levels were elevated in basal lamina of injured nerve, neuritic growth on sections of injured nerve was not significant increased unless sections were pretreated with chondroitinase. These results indicate that inhibitory CSPG is up-regulated in injured nerve and plays a role in regulating axonal regeneration.
This article was published in J Neurobiol and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords