Author(s): BathijaLala B, Bass SJ, Madonna RJ, Dayan A
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), degenerative myopia, angioid streaks, presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome, and numerous other ocular and systemic conditions. Idiopathic CNV is also a common form of the condition. However, CNV has rarely been noted after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and a cause-and-effect relationship has not been found. A case of CNV after uneventful LASIK is reported here, along with a literature review of previously reported cases and suggested pathophysiology. A link between LASIK and CNV is sought. METHODS: A case report of CNV in a young, healthy eye after uneventful LASIK is presented. Review of the pertinent literature reporting a relationship between LASIK and CNV was conducted through 2007, and few studies are reported after 2005. CONCLUSION: To date, there is anecdotal evidence of CNV after LASIK. The incidence from prior reports ranges from 0.003\% to 0.33\%. However, a causal link cannot be disregarded and merits further study. Each patient undergoing LASIK warrants a thorough preoperative dilated fundus examination, including a thorough examination of the macula. This occurrence, albeit rare, should be considered for inclusion in the refractive surgery consent form. Copyright © 2010 American Optometric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Optometry
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology