Author(s): Schwindt H, Vater I, Kreuz M, MontesinosRongen M, Brunn A,
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Abstract To determine the pattern of genetic alterations in primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL), 19 PCNSL were studied by high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays. Recurrent losses involved 6p21.32, 6q21, 8q12-12.2, 9p21.3, 3p14.2, 4q35.2, 10q23.21 and 12p13.2, whereas gains involved 18q21-23, 19q13.31, 19q13.43 and the entire chromosomes X and 12. Partial uniparental disomies (pUPDs) were identified in 6p and 9p21.3. These genomic alterations affected the HLA locus, the CDKN2A/p16, CDKN2B/p15 and MTAP, as well as the PRDM1, FAS, MALT1, and BCL2 genes. Increased methylation values of the CDKN2A/p16 promoter region were detected in 75\% (6/8) PCNSL. Gene expression profiling showed 4/21 (20\%) minimal common regions of imbalances to be associated with a differential mRNA expression affecting the FAS, STAT6, CD27, ARHGEF6 and SEPT6 genes. Collectively, this study unraveled novel genomic imbalances and pUPD with a high resolution in PCNSL and identified target genes of potential relevance in the pathogenesis of this lymphoma entity.
This article was published in Leukemia
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion