Author(s): Cardoso J, Molenaar L, de Menezes RX, van Leerdam M, Rosenberg C,
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Abstract The vast majority of colorectal cancers display genetic instability, either in the chromosomal instability (CIN) or microsatellite instability (MIN) forms. Although CIN tumors are per definition aneuploid, MIN colorectal cancers, caused by loss of mismatch repair function, are usually near diploid. Recently, biallelic germ line mutations in the MYH gene were found to be responsible for MYH-associated polyposis (MAP), an autosomal recessive predisposition to multiple colorectal polyps, often indistinguishable from the dominant familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) syndrome caused by inherited APC mutations. Here, we analyzed MYH- and APC-mutant polyps by combining laser capture microdissection, isothermal genomic DNA amplification, and array comparative genomic hybridization. Smoothed quantile regression methods were applied to the MAP and FAP genomic profiles to discriminate chromosomes predominantly affected by gains and losses. Up to 80\% and 60\% of the MAP and FAP polyps showed aneuploid changes, respectively. Both MAP and FAP adenomas were characterized by frequent losses at chromosome 1p, 17, 19, and 22 and gains affecting chromosomes 7 and 13. The aneuploid changes detected at early stages of MYH-driven tumorigenesis may underlie accelerated tumor progression, increased cancer risk, and poor prognosis in MAP.
This article was published in Cancer Res
and referenced in Hereditary Genetics: Current Research