Author(s): Dhner H, Stilgenbauer S, Dhner K, Bentz M, Lichter P, Dhner H, Stilgenbauer S, Dhner K, Bentz M, Lichter P
Abstract Share this page
Abstract In B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) clonal chromosome aberrations are detected in approximately 40-50\% of tumors when using conventional chromosome banding analysis. Most studies find trisomy 12 to be the most frequent chromosome aberration, followed by structural aberrations of the long arm of chromosomes 13 and 14. Trisomy 12 and the "14q+" marker are associated with shorter survival times, while the patients with 13q abnormalities have a favorable outcome, similar to those with a normal karyotype. The development of molecular cytogenetic techniques has greatly improved our ability to detect chromosome aberrations in tumor cells. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization, chromosome aberrations can be detected not only in dividing cells but also in interphase nuclei, an approach referred to as interphase cytogenetics. The prevalence of specific aberrations in B-CLL is currently being reassessed by interphase cytogenetics. By far the most frequent abnormality are deletions involving chromosome band 13q14, followed by deletions of the genomic region 11q22.3-q23.1, trisomy 12, deletions of 6q21-q23, and deletions/mutations of the TP53 tumor suppressor gene at 17p13. The evaluation of the true incidence of these aberrations now provides the basis for more accurate correlations with clinical characteristics and outcome. Deletions/mutations of the TP53 gene have been shown to be associated with resistance to treatment and to be an independent marker for poor survival. 11q deletions have been associated with extensive nodal involvement, rapid disease progression, and short survival times. Whether trisomy 12, 13q14, and 6q deletions have a prognostic impact awaits further study. The application of these molecular cytogenetic techniques will also contribute to the identification of the pathogenetically relevant genes that are affected by the chromosome aberrations in B-CLL.
This article was published in J Mol Med (Berl)
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy