alexa Chromosome walking to the AVR1-CO39 avirulence gene of Magnaporthe grisea: discrepancy between the physical and genetic maps.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Fungal Genomics & Biology

Author(s): Farman ML, Leong SA

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Abstract The avrCO39 gene conferring avirulence toward rice cultivar CO39 was previously mapped to chromosome 1 of Magnaporthe grisea between cosegregating markers CH5-120H and 1.2H and marker 5-10-F. In the present study, this region of the chromosome was physically mapped using RecA-mediated Achilles' cleavage. Cleavage of genomic DNA sequences within CH5-120H and 5-10-F liberated a 610-kb restriction fragment, representing the physical distance between these markers. Chromosome walking was initiated from both markers but was curtailed due to the presence of repetitive DNA sequences and the absence of overlapping clones in cosmid libraries representing several genome equivalents. These obstacles were overcome by directly subcloning the target region after release by Achilles' cleavage and a contig spanning avrCO39 was thus assembled. Transformation of two cosmids into a virulent recipient strain conferred a cultivar-specific avirulence phenotype thus confirming the cloning of avrCO39. Meiotic crossover points were unevenly distributed across this chromosomal region and were clustered around the avrCO39 locus. A 14-fold variation in the relationship between genetic and physical distance was measured over the avrCO39 chromosomal region. Thus the poor correlation of physical to genetic distance previously observed in M. grisea appears to be manifested over relatively short distances.
This article was published in Genetics and referenced in Fungal Genomics & Biology

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