alexa Chronic antidepressant medication attenuates dexamethasone-induced neuronal death and sublethal neuronal damage in the hippocampus and striatum.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Author(s): Haynes LE, Barber D, Mitchell IJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Dexamethasone, a synthetic corticosteroid, which can induce a range of mood disorders including depression and affective psychosis, is toxic to specific hippocampal and striatal neuronal populations. Chronic administration of antidepressants can induce neuroprotective effects, potentially by raising cellular levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We accordingly tested the hypothesis that chronic pretreatment of rats (Sprague-Dawley, male) with antidepressants would attenuate dexamethasone-induced neuronal damage as revealed by reductions in the level of neuronal death and in sublethal neuronal damage shown by the increase in the number of MAP-2 immunoreactive neurons. In support of this hypothesis, we demonstrate that chronic treatment with a range of antidepressants prior to dexamethasone administration (0.7 mg/kg, i.p.) attenuated the levels of neuronal death and loss of MAP-2 immunoreactivity in both the hippocampus and striatum. The antidepressants used were: desipramine (8 mg/kg, i.p., tricyclic), fluoxetine (8 mg/kg, i.p., selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) and tranylcypromine (10 mg/kg, i.p., monoamine oxidase inhibitor) with each drug being injected once per day for 10 days. In contrast, acute injection of none of the antidepressants exerted a protective effect from dexamethasone-associated neuronal damage. Similarly, injection of neither cocaine nor chlordiazepoxide (benzodiazepine) exerted protective effects when injected either chronically or acutely. The observed protection from dexamethasone-induced neuronal damage is in keeping with the potential of chronic antidepressant medication to increase BDNF levels. The potential for dexamethasone to induce disorders of mood by damaging specific neuronal populations in the hippocampus and dorsomedial striatum is discussed. This article was published in Brain Res and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords