alexa Chronic BDNF deficiency permanently modifies excitatory synapses in the piriform cortex.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Nanobashvili A, Jakubs K, Kokaia M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), aside from its classic neurotrophic role in development and survival of neurons, has been shown to be involved in modification and plasticity of central synapses. In mice with BDNF gene deletion (BDNF+/-), deficits in synaptic transmission are often observed but are reversed readily by administration of BDNF, suggesting its acute effect. In support, blockade of BDNF signaling in wild-type hippocampal slices by TrkB-IgG closely reproduces synaptic alterations observed in BDNF+/- mice. We demonstrate that in BDNF+/- mice, lateral olfactory tract (LOT) synapses exhibit decreased release probability of glutamate, suggested by increased paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs), as well as by slower blocking rate of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) by MK-801 in the pyramidal neurons of the piriform cortex. The changes in PPF were not mimicked in wild-type mice by acute blockade of BDNF signaling by TkrB-IgG. These data imply that BDNF deficit during development might lead to chronic changes of excitatory transmission in LOT synapses. Modification of the LOT synapses in BDNF+/- mice was associated with altered inhibitory drive onto the mitral cells from the granule and glomerular neurons, which in turn exhibited decreased renewal rate compared to that in wild-type mice. Taken together, these data suggest that BDNF deficiency can have both acute and more permanent effects on synaptic function, particularly when BDNF signaling is compromised during the early stages of brain development. In the latter case, altered synaptic properties in BDNF+/- mice could be secondary to other complex changes in the brain, e.g., cell survival/proliferation. This article was published in J Neurosci Res and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords