alexa Chronic blockade of 20-HETE synthesis reduces polycystic kidney disease in an orthologous rat model of ARPKD.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Author(s): Park F, Sweeney WE Jr, Jia G, Akbulut T, Mueller B,

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Abstract 20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) has been implicated as a potential mediator in epithelial cell proliferation and cyst formation in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). In the present study, we studied the effects of chronic blockade of 20-HETE synthesis in an orthologous rodent model of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), the PCK rat. RT-PCR analysis indicated that the expression of CYP4A1, CYP4A2, CYP4A3, and CYP4A8 mRNA was increased two- to fourfold in cystic PCK compared with noncystic Sprague-Dawley rat kidneys. Daily administration of a 20-HETE synthesis inhibitor, HET-0016 (10 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1) ip) for 4-7 wk significantly reduced kidney size by 24\% from 4.95 +/- 0.19 g in vehicle-treated PCK rats to 3.76 +/- 0.15 g (n = 4). Collecting tubule morphometric cystic indices were reduced in HET-0016-treated PCK rats (2.1 +/- 0.2; n = 4) compared with vehicle-treated PCK rats (4.4 +/- 0.1; n = 4). The cellular mechanism by which 20-HETE may play a role in cyst formation has not been well characterized, but there was a significantly lower (P < 0.05) level of intracellular cAMP and decreased phosphorylation (activation) of ERK1/2 protein in PCK rat kidneys (n = 3) treated with HET-0016 . These studies indicate a potential role of 20-HETE in cyst formation in the orthologous rodent PCK model of ARPKD.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Renal Physiol and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics

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