Author(s): Drouin A, Gendron ME, Thorin E, Gillis MA, MahlbergGaudin F,
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: High resting heart rate is a predictor for total and cardiovascular mortality independent of other risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease. We tested the hypothesis that a reduction of resting heart rate with the cardiac pacemaker I(f) current inhibitor ivabradine prevents the endothelial dysfunction associated with dyslipidaemia. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Three-month-old dyslipidaemic (DL) male mice expressing the human ApoB-100 were assigned or not (DL, n=16), to treatment for 3 months with ivabradine (10 mg kg(-1) d(-1), n=17). Wild-type C57Bl/6 mice (WT, n=15) were used as controls. Heart rate was measured at 3, 4.5 and 6 months. Dilatation to acetylcholine (ACh) of isolated cerebral and renal arteries was investigated at 6 months. KEY RESULTS: Heart rate remained stable in anaesthetized WT mice, increased (25\%, P<0.05) with age in DL mice but was limited (11\%, P<0.05) by ivabradine. At 6 months, left ventricular maximal pressure was similar in all groups. The minimal and end-diastolic left ventricular pressures were increased (P<0.05) in DL (10.2+/-1.0 and 18.7+/-1.4 mm Hg) compared to WT (-0.4+/-0.7 and 6.3+/-1.0 mm Hg) and reduced (P<0.05) by ivabradine (4.2+/-1.3 and 11.5+/-1.5 mm Hg). ACh-induced maximal dilatation was impaired (P<0.05) in renal and cerebral arteries isolated from DL compared to WT (56+/-7 versus 83+/-3\% in renal arteries; 22+/-2 versus 42+/-2\% in cerebral arteries). Ivabradine completely prevented (P<0.05) this dysfunction in renal and cerebral arteries. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Selective heart rate reduction with ivabradine limits cardiac dysfunction and prevents the renovascular and cerebrovascular endothelial dysfunction associated with dyslipidaemia.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy