alexa Chronic myeloid leukemia and second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors: when, how, and which one?


Translational Medicine

Author(s): Jabbour E, Kantarjian H, Cortes J

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Abstract Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a progressive and often fatal myeloproliferative disorder. The introduction of imatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) specific for BCR-ABL, was a major breakthrough in CML therapy. Although most patients respond to first-line imatinib therapy, some experience a loss of response (resistance) or require treatment discontinuation due to toxicity (intolerance). For patients who fail with standard-dose imatinib therapy, imatinib dose escalation is a second-line option. However, high-dose imatinib is not an appropriate approach for patients experiencing drug toxicity, and there remain questions over the durability of responses achieved with this strategy. Alternative second-line options include the newer TKIs dasatinib and nilotinib. A substantial amount of long-term data for these agents is available. Although both are potent and specific BCR-ABL TKIs, dasatinib and nilotinib exhibit unique pharmacological profiles and response patterns relative to different patient characteristics, such as disease stage and BCR-ABL mutational status. To optimize therapeutic benefit, clinicians should select treatment based on each patient's historical response, adverse-event tolerance level, and risk factors. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Semin Hematol and referenced in Translational Medicine

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