alexa Chronic thyroiditis as a favorable prognostic factor in papillary thyroid carcinoma.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Kashima K, Yokoyama S, Noguchi S

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A subgroup of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) also has chronic thyroiditis (CT) as an associated disease of the thyroid. To assess the prognostic value of CT in patients with PTC, we reviewed the histological slides of 2225 patients with PTC who had undergone surgery between 1971 and 1992. Of the 2225 patients, 692 were excluded from the analysis because regional lymph nodes and/or nonneoplastic thyroid tissues were unavailable for histological assessment. The series included 281 patients with CT in nonneoplastic thyroid tissue and 1252 without CT. We performed statistical analyzes by the log-rank test and Cox's proportional-hazard method. Sixty-two (5.0%) of the 1252 patients without CT died of metastatic disease during the follow-up period and the relapse-free 10-year survival rate was 85%. By contrast, only 2 (<1.0%) of the 281 patients with CT died, and their relapse-free 10-year survival rate was 95%. The difference between patients with CT and those without CT in terms of relapse-free and overall survival was statistically significant (p < 0.0001). Risk factors for unfavorable outcome were age 45 years or more, absence of psammoma bodies, and absence of CT (p < 0.0001), followed by vascular invasion (p = 0.0007), male sex (p = 0.0013), and metastasis to regional lymph nodes (p = 0.047). Multivariate analysis indicated that all of these factors with the exception of gender were independent factors in the final model for overall survival. Chronic thyroiditis in the nonneoplastic thyroid of patients with PTC is a powerful prognostic factor for both relapse-free and overall survival.

This article was published in Thyroid and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

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