Author(s): Pieper B, Templin T, Pieper B, Templin T
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Abstract Persons with a history of injection drug use have many risk factors for the development of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), yet this phenomenon has not been studied systematically in this population. Persons (N = 204) with a history of injection drug use who were in enrolled in a treatment center were examined for clinical manifestations of CVI. The CVI clinical classification was graded on a 7-point scale for each leg. Most participants (n = 179, 87.7\%) exhibited clinical evidence of CVI. Significant predictors of CVI clinical manifestations were leg infections/cellulitis (rho =.53); years injection in the veins of the groin, legs, and feet (rho =.47); deep vein thrombosis (rho =.37); and total years injection heroin (rho =.27). There was a linear functional relationship between years of injection drug use and the CVI clinical classification, but only when the injections were in the veins of the groin, legs, or feet; otherwise, the specific mechanisms of this relationship were not evident. The findings indicate that CVI is a common occurrence in persons who have injected drugs. Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
This article was published in Res Nurs Health
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research