Author(s): Malik AK, Chaudhry A, Karamat A, Arif N, Cheema MA, , Malik AK, Chaudhry A, Karamat A, Arif N, Cheema MA, , Malik AK, Chaudhry A, Karamat A, Arif N, Cheema MA, , Malik AK, Chaudhry A, Karamat A, Arif N, Cheema MA,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To observe the frequency of cigarette smoking in doctors and paramedics and study various variables associated with it. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was given to randomly selected 250 Doctors and 250 Paramedics at Mayo Hospital in 2009. Information about demographic characteristics, smoking status in family, number of cigarettes smoked per day, influence for starting smoking, reason for continuation of smoking and use of nicotine replacement therapy was obtained. RESULTS: A total of 234 questionnaires from doctors and 207 from paramedics were received back (88.2\% response rate). There were 280 males (163 Doctors; 117 Paramedics) and 161 females (71 Doctors; 90 Paramedics). Eightyseven (37.18\%) Doctors and 74 (35.74\%) Paramedics were smokers with 82 (50.31\%) male doctors and 5 (7.04\%) females. Similar results were obtained in Paramedics 72 (61.53\%) males and 2 (2.22\%) females. Of the smokers, majority started smoking between 11-20 years age with 39 (44.83\%) Doctors and 48 (64.86\%) Paramedics. Twenty three (26.44\%) Doctors and 31 (41.89\%) Paramedics smoked 11-20 cigarettes per day. Smoking was initiated due to the influence of friends by 48 (55.17\%) Doctors and 56 (75.68\%) Paramedics. Most smokers, 29 (33.33\%) Doctors and 33 (44.59\%) Paramedics found use of cigarette smoking as "Relaxing". Addiction was the main reason for difficulty in quitting cigarette smoking as reported by 33 (37.93\%) Doctors and 31 (41.89\%) Paramedics. Of the smokers, 61 (70.11\%) doctors and 50 (32.43\%) paramedics had no intention to quit smoking in the next 6 months. CONCLUSION: A significant number of doctors and paramedics, especially males, in Pakistan smoke cigarettes, which requires proper attention.
This article was published in J Pak Med Assoc
and referenced in Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems