alexa Cigarette smoking and nonunion after ankle arthrodesis.
Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research

Author(s): Cobb TK, Gabrielsen TA, Campbell DC nd, Wallrichs SL, Ilstrup DM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The relative risk of nonunion in smokers versus nonsmokers after ankle arthrodesis was determined in a case control study. Twenty-two patients were matched to 22 controls by age, sex, surgeon, surgical technique, and preoperative diagnosis. Information on duration, amount, and past history of smoking was obtained for these 44 patients. Ten of the patients were actively smoking at the time of surgery compared with four of the controls. Six of the patients had no history of smoking and six had stopped smoking before surgery. Eleven of the controls had no history of cigarette smoking and 7 had stopped smoking before surgery. The relative risk of nonunion was increased 3.75 times for active smokers. When patients did not have any known risk factors for nonunion, the risk of nonunion for smokers was 16 times the risk of nonunion for nonsmokers.
This article was published in Foot Ankle Int and referenced in Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords