alexa Cigarette smoking, dietary intake, and physical activity: effects on body fat distribution--the Normative Aging Study.
Mathematics

Mathematics

Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics

Author(s): Troisi RJ, Heinold JW, Vokonas PS, Weiss ST

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Abstract Studies have indicated that although smokers weigh less than nonsmokers, smokers have greater waist-to-hip circumference ratios after adjustment for age and body mass index (BMI). The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether factors associated with smoking, such as dietary intake, alcohol intake, and physical activity, modified or confounded the relationship between smoking and body fat distribution. The study used cross-sectional data for 765 men aged 43-85 y from the Normative Aging Study. Current smokers were found to have a greater amount of central adiposity, as represented by the abdomen-to-hip circumference ratio (abdomen-hip ratio), than did former smokers and people who never smoked after adjustment for age, BMI, dietary and alcohol intakes, and physical activity. Multiple-linear-regression analysis revealed that physical activity was negatively associated with and alcohol intake was positively associated with the abdomen-hip ratio. These results suggest a direct effect of smoking on body fat distribution, independent of other smoking-related behaviors.
This article was published in Am J Clin Nutr and referenced in Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics

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