Author(s): Kario K, Matsuo T, Nakao K, Kario K, Matsuo T, Nakao K, Kario K, Matsuo T, Nakao K, Kario K, Matsuo T, Nakao K
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Abstract To study the effects of cigarette smoking and atherosclerosis on platelet size, we measured the mean platelet volume (MPV) and other platelet parameters in 142 elderly smokers and nonsmokers with or without atherosclerotic risk factors. The MPV and the platelet count were highest and their inverse correlation was strongest in the atherosclerotic smokers (r = 0.54, P < 0.05) when compared with the nonsmoking and non-atherosclerotic groups. A 10\% decrease of MPV was found in 8 smoking subjects in the atherosclerotic group, who successfully discontinued smoking (P < 0.05). These results suggest that smoking may increase platelet consumption in atherosclerotic vessels and that subsequently megakaryocytes are activated to produce larger platelets, which are more active. Thus, an increase in MPV due to smoking may also contribute to the acceleration of atherosclerosis and should be considered as a risk factor for atherosclerotic disease.
This article was published in Clin Lab Haematol
and referenced in Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods