Author(s): Kapoor V, Singh AK, Dey S, Sharma SC, Das SN
Abstract Share this page
Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to quantitate circulating COX-2 levels in patients with tobacco-related intraoral cancer and to evaluate antitumor activities of COX-2 peptide inhibitors in vitro on KB cell lines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a novel biosensor-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technique for estimation of circulating COX-2 levels in 76 patients with oral cancer and 43 normal individuals. Antitumor activities of five COX-2 inhibitory peptides were evaluated using propidium iodide labeling and flow cytometry, alamar blue, MTS, and annexin-V binding assays. RESULTS: Patients with oral cancer showed threefold increase in serum COX-2 level when compared to normal controls (P < 0.0001). Further, late-stage tumors and lymph node metastasis were associated with significant increase in serum COX-2 levels. Patients with higher circulating COX-2 also showed higher immunoreactivity to anti-COX-2 antibody in the lesions. The peptides significantly reduced viability and inhibited growth/proliferation, induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in tumor cells. However, no such effect was observed either on normal human leukocytes or on MCF-7 cell line that did not over express COX-2. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that SPR may be a useful proteomic technique for quantitative assessment of COX-2 and to identify patients with high-risk oral premalignant or occult cancer, as well as in monitoring response to novel COX-2 targeting strategies. Furthermore, COX-2 peptide inhibitors appear to be a new class of potent anticancer agent for human oral carcinoma.
This article was published in J Cancer Res Clin Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology