alexa Circulating oxidized LDL forms complexes with beta2-glycoprotein I: implication as an atherogenic autoantigen.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Kobayashi K, Kishi M, Atsumi T, Bertolaccini ML, Makino H,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2-GPI) is a major antigen for antiphospholipid antibodies (Abs, aPL) present in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). We recently reported (J. Lipid Res., 42: 697, 2001; J. Lipid Res., 43: 1486, 2002) that beta2-GPI specifically binds to Cu2+-oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and that the beta2-GPI ligands are omega-carboxylated 7-ketocholesteryl esters. In the present study, we demonstrate that oxLDL forms stable and nondissociable complexes with beta2-GPI in serum, and that high serum levels of the complexes are associated with arterial thrombosis in APS. A conjugated ketone function at the 7-position of cholesterol as well as the omega-carboxyl function of the beta2-GPI ligands was necessary for beta2-GPI binding. The ligand-mediated noncovalent interaction of beta2-GPI and oxLDL undergoes a temperature- and time-dependent conversion to much more stable but readily dissociable complexes in vitro at neutral pH. In contrast, stable and nondissociable beta2-GPI-oxLDL complexes were frequently detected in sera from patients with APS and/or systemic lupus erythematodes. Both the presence of beta2-GPI-oxLDL complexes and IgG Abs recognizing these complexes were strongly associated with arterial thrombosis. Further, these same Abs correlated with IgG immune complexes containing beta2-GPI or LDL. Thus, the beta2-GPI-oxLDL complexes acting as an autoantigen are closely associated with autoimmune-mediated atherogenesis. This article was published in J Lipid Res and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Donald silverberg
    Is correction of iron deficiency a new addition to the treatment of heart failure?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ahmed Zeidan
    Effects of intravenous iron in chronic kidney disease and heart failure
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Alina Borowska
    Postoperative cognitive dysfunctions after cardiac operations
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ana Domingo Rueda
    Collaborative programme in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery in Ethiopia: Nursery role
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Wenru Wang
    Effects of home-based cardiac rehabilitation programme for patients with acute myocardial infarction: A randomized controlled trail
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Cicek Senture
    Analyzing The Efficiencies Of Discharge Education For The Patients Who Had A Cardiac Surgery
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Katie Kok
    Patient education and anticoagulation therapy in a cardiac population
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Adriana Katz
    Na,K-ATPase isoform-selective cardiac glycosides- a potential anti-cancer drug ?
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Chien-Fu Hung
    Mark cancer cells for CTL attack through coating with viral antigenic peptides CTLs kill tumor with viral peptides
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hakan Emirkadi
    Unılateral Sudden Sensorıneural Hearıng Loss After General Anesthesıa
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Mauricio Laerte Silva
    Cardiac Diastolic Function in Pediatric AIDS/HIV-carriers: Assessment, Treatment and Prevention of Future Cardiovascular Diseases
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ishfaq A Bukhari
    Protective Effect of Diltiazem and Fenofibrate Against Ischemia-reperfusion Induced Cardiac Arrhythmias in the Isolated Rat Heart.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hongxin Zhu
    UVRAG and Rubicon Regulate Cardiac Autophagy and Function
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Tamer M. A. Mohamed
    Targeting calcium signaling as a novel therapeutic strategy for cardiac hypertrophy and failure
    PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords