Author(s): Hislop WS, Masterton N, Bouchier IA, Hopwood D
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Abstract Despite Scotland's well-recognised alcohol problem, there is scant information of the aetiology of cirrhosis in this country. This study of 222 patients, reviewed 197 cases presenting as cirrhosis and 25 cases presenting as primary liver cell carcinoma (PLCC) in the East Tayside area of Scotland between 1975 and 1979. The survey was based on an analysis of all histologically proven cases of cirrhosis and PLCC encountered during a five-year period. There was a constant rate of presentation of cirrhosis of about 40 new patients per year, with a stable pattern of aetiology. About 55 per cent were due to alcohol, and there was no significant change in this proportion over the study. No evidence was found for an increasing female susceptibility or earlier female morbidity in alcoholic cirrhosis. Cryptogenic cirrhosis, cardiac cirrhosis and secondary biliary cirrhosis were more often diagnosed at post mortem. Ninety one per cent of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis were females, but the expected male preponderance in haemochromatosis was not present. In addition to the 25 patients presenting with PLCC, three of the cirrhotic patients developed the tumour by the end of 1979. Seventy one per cent of PLCC cases arose in already cirrhotic livers, none were HBsAg positive. Bronchopneumonia, hepatic failure, gastrointestinal bleeding and cardiac failure were the most frequent causes of death.
This article was published in Scott Med J
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology
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