Author(s): Giaccone G, Postmus PE, Splinter TA, DiazPuente M, Van Zandwijk N,
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Abstract A total of 332 patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer were randomized by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Lung Cancer Cooperative Group (EORTC) to receive one of two cisplatin (Platinol)-based chemotherapy regimens: Paclitaxel (Taxol) 175 mg/m2 given by 3-hour infusion followed by cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1; Or cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1, followed by teniposide (Vumon) 100 mg/m2 given on days 1, 3, and 5. Cycles were repeated every 3 weeks. Preliminary analysis of the results of this phase III trial shows that hematologic toxicity was decidedly more severe in the group treated with cisplatin/teniposide than in those given paclitaxel/cisplatin. Of 264 patients evaluable so far, responses have been observed in 47\% of those given paclitaxel and in 29\% of those treated with teniposide. However, extramural radiologic response evaluation is still under way, so these figures are expected to change somewhat. It appears clear that the paclitaxel-based therapy affords a benefit in terms of response and toxicity, but survival results are premature and any definite conclusions await final analysis.
This article was published in Oncology (Williston Park)
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access