Author(s): Galmarini CM, Treilleux I, Cardoso F, BernardMarty C, Durbecq V,
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Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of microtubule-associated variables as potential predictors of response and clinical outcome in patients with advanced breast cancer receiving single-agent docetaxel or doxorubicin chemotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The analysis was done on 173 tumor samples from patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who have participated in the TAX-303 phase III trial in which patients were randomly assigned to receive docetaxel or doxorubicin. Expression of total alpha- and beta-tubulin, classes II to IV beta-tubulin isotypes, and tau protein was evaluated by immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumors from the primary breast cancer. RESULTS: We observed that patients with "high" expression of class III beta-tubulin isotype had a higher probability of response to docetaxel than to doxorubicin treatment (odds ratio, 1.9; 95\% confidence interval, 1.01-3.7; P = 0.05). No difference was observed in terms of time to progression or in terms of overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the superiority of docetaxel over doxorubicin seems to be confined to the subgroup of patients with "high" expression of class III beta-tubulin isotype.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology